Part IV Translation (30 minutes)
Thirteen years ago， a deadly strain of avian flu known as H5N1 was tearing through Asia‘s bird populations。 In January 2004， Chinese scientists reported that pigs too had become infected with the virus—an alarming development， since pigs are susceptible to human viruses and could potentially act as a “mixing vessel” that would allow the virus to jump to humans。
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.
最近中国科学院(Chinese Academy of Science)出版了关于其最新科学发现与未来一年展望的年度系列报告。系列报告包括三部分：科学发展报告，高技术发展报告，中国可持续战略报告。第一份报告包含中国科学家的最新发现，诸如新粒子研究与H7N9病毒研究的突破。该报告还突出强调了未来几年需要关注的问题。第二份报告公布了一些应用科学研究的热门领域，如3D打印和人造器官研究。第三份报告呼吁加强顶层设计，以消除工业升级中的结构性障碍，并促进节能减排。
Chinese Academy of Science recently published an annualreport about its latest scientific findings and the prospect of thenext year. The report consists of three parts:science development, more advanced technology development and thesustainable strategy of China. The first one includes the latestfindings of Chinese scientists, such as the research of newparticle and the breakthrough in the study of H7N9 virus.Furthermore, it highlights some problems we need to focus in nextfew years. The second one announces some heated fields in appliedscience. For example, the 3－dimension print and the study of human organs. The thirdone suggests people enhance the top design in order to get rid ofthe structural obstacles in industrial upgrading and to promote theenergy-saving and emission-reduction。
Yet at the time， little attention was paid outside of China—because the study was published only in Chinese， in a small Chinese journal of veterinary medicine。 It wasn‘t until August of that year that the World Health Organization and the United Nations learned of the study’s results and rushed to have it translated。
Those scientists and policy makers ran headlong into one of science‘s biggest unsolved dilemmas： language。 A new study in the journal PLOS Biology sheds light on how widespread the gulf can be between English-language science and any-other-language science， and how that gap can lead to situations like the avian flu case， or worse。
Recently Chinese Academy of Science published annual report on the latest scientific development and the expectations for the coming year in a series. The report is composed of three parts: scientific development report、high-tech development report and Chinese sustainable strategy report. The first report includes Chinese scientists’ recent discoveries, such as the breakthrough in the research field of new particle and H7N9 virus. It also emphasizes the issues we need to pay attention in the next years. The second report announces some hot areas in applied scientific study, like 3D printing and artificial organ.The third report appeals to strengthen the top-level design so as to eliminate structural obstacle in industrial upgrading and promote energy-saving and emission -reduction。
“Native English speakers tend to assume that all important information is in English，” says Tatsuya Amano， a zoology researcher at the University of Cambridge and lead author on this study。 Yet particularly when it comes to work about biodiversity and conservation， Amano says， much of the most important data is collected and published by researchers in the countries where exotic or endangered species live—not just the United States or England。 This can lead to oversights of important statistics or critical breakthroughs by international organizations， or even scientists unnecessarily duplicating research that has already been done。
Even for people who try not to ignore research published in non-English languages， Amano says， difficulties exist。 More than half of the non-English papers observed in this study had no English title， abstract or keywords， making them all but invisible to most scientists doing database searches in English。
Brief Introduction of Professor Henry N.C. Wong
Professor Henry N.C. Wong is currently Head of New Asia College, Dean of Science and Professor of Chemistry. He obtained his B.Sc. degree with first class honours from CUHK in 1973, and was subsequently awarded a Shell Scholarship for Postgraduate Studies in the United Kingdom. He furthered his studies at University College London where he obtained his Ph.D. in 1976. After two postdoctoral research years at Harvard University, Professor Wong returned to University College London to begin his independent research undertaking as Ramsay Memorial Fellow. From 1980 to 1982, Professor Wong did research at the Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, The Chinese Academy of Sciences. He returned to CUHK in 1983 and was the Chairman of the Department of Chemistry from 1995 to 1997, and the Senate Committee on Student Discipline from 1997 to 2002. Professor Wong was Head of New Asia College of CUHK from 2002 to July 2010 and was Pro-Vice-Chancellor/ Vice-President from 2009 to
It‘s also worrisome that English has become so prestigious for scientists that many non-English speakers avoid publishing research in their own languages， Amano says。 Federico Kukso， a MIT Knight Science Journalism fellow who has reported on science in Spanish and English for more than 15 years， says the bias extends beyond how scientists view studies； it also manifests in what science the media chooses to focus on。
- He chaired the Research Committee from 2004 to 2013 and the Academic Equipment Grant Committee from 2006 to 2013 respectively.
Professor Wong’s research interests are concerned with the syntheses and studies of natural and non-natural molecules. He serves on the editorial boards of several international and national journals. He received the degree of Doctor of Science from the University of London in 1994. Professor Wong has also been actively contributing to the research and scientific development on the mainland. He is Chairman of the Management Committee, Shanghai-Hong Kong Joint Laboratory in Chemical Synthesis, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, The Chinese Academy of Sciences. He is also an honorary professor and guest professor of many tertiary institutions in Mainland China. Professor Wong has received many prestigious awards over the years. He won the 2nd Class State Natural Science Award of China in 1997. He was a Croucher Senior Research Fellow in 1999-2000 and was elected to The Chinese Academy of Sciences, The World Academy of Sciences for the Advancement of Science in Developing Countries (formerly known as The Third World Academy of Sciences), and The Academy of Sciences of Hong Kong in 1999, 2004 and 2015 respectively.
Amano thinks that journals and scientific academies working to include international voices is one of the best solutions to this language gap。