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雷晓燕谈城市轨道交通建设,2014年6月六级翻译答

时间:2019-11-22 13:50来源:留学信息
新浪教育[微博]讯2014年6月14日全国大学英语六级考试已结束,本次考试为多题多卷,新浪外语第一时间收集整理不同版本试题及参考答案,供考生参考,以下是2014年6月英语六级翻译真

  新浪教育[微博]讯 2014年6月14日全国大学英语六级考试已结束,本次考试为多题多卷,新浪外语第一时间收集整理不同版本试题及参考答案,供考生参考,以下是2014年6月英语六级翻译真题3及参考答案(文都教育版):

  大学英语六级考试在2014年6月14日下午已经结束,新浪教育[微博]第一时间为同学们提供英语六级翻译空气污染真题及参考译文,供大家参考。

Chinese cities are speeding up construction of subway lines as the increasing number of vehicles in urban areas has been largely blamed for smog.

  【翻译真题】

  北京计划未来三年投资7600亿元治理污染,从减少pm2.5排放入手。这一新公布的计划旨在减少四种主要污染源,包括500万辆机动车的尾气排放、周边地区燃煤、来自北方的沙尘暴和本地的建筑灰尘,另外850亿元用于新建或升级城市垃圾处理和污水处理设施,加上300亿元投资未来三年的植树造林。市政府还计划建造一批水循环利用工厂,并制止违章建筑,以改善环境。另外,北京还将更严厉地处罚违反减排规定的行为。

Construction of six new subway lines in Beijing is expected to start by the end of this year with a total length of more than 90 km, including downtown lines and lines linking suburban areas with the downtown, according to the railway construction company.

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

  Beijing is going to invest 760 billion yuan in next three years to control pollution, beginning with cutting down the emission of PM 2.5 . This newly announced project aims to reduce four major sources of pollution, including exhaust from 5000 thousand motor vehicles, coal-burning in surrounding areas, sandstorms from the north and local construction dust. Another 85 billion yuan is used to build or upgrade the facilities of disposing garbage and sewage of the city. In addition, 30 billion to support afforestation programs in next three years。

Currently, there are 17 subway lines running in Beijing with a total length of 456 km. The city's underground network carries approximately 10 million passengers daily on workdays.

  北京计划未来三年投资7600亿元治理污染,从减少pm 2.5排放入手。这一新公布的计划旨在减少四种主要污染源,包括500万辆机动车的尾气排放、周边地区燃煤、来自北方的沙尘暴和本地的建筑灰尘,另外850亿元用于新建或升级城市垃圾处理和污水处理设施,加上300亿元投资未来三年的植树造林。

  The municipal government also plans to construct some plants to use cycle water, banning illegal constructions to modify the environment. Furthermore, Beijing will punish those who violate the rules of emission-reduction more severely。

Apart from big names like Beijing and Shanghai, less populated large cities, such as Nanchang, Changsha, Zhengzhou, Hefei, Nanning, Chongqing, Chengdu and Kunming, are also constructing or operating urban railway lines.

  市政府还计划建造一批水循环利用工厂,并制止违章建筑,以改善环境。另外,北京还将更严厉地处罚违反减排规定的行为。

There are 35 Chinese cities engaged in such construction. Some 70 subway lines are currently being built, with a total investment of 800 billion yuan (131.28 billion U.S. dollars). Adding approved subway line construction plans, the spending reaches 1.5 trillion yuan.

威澳门尼斯人官网 ,  【参考译文】

As winter is approaching, air pollution has been clearly visible in many regions of China. In an extreme case, dense smog shrouded major cities in northeast China last week, closing schools, highways and airports, with a visibility of less than 10 meters in certain areas.

  Beijing is going to invest 760 billion yuan to curb environmental pollution in the next three years, starting from reducing the emissions of pm 2.5 emissions. The newly announced plan is intended to reduce the four major sources of pollution, including emissions of 5 million motor vehicles, coal-burning in surrounding areas, sandstorms from the north and construction dust in the locality. Another 85 billion yuan is used for establishing or upgrading the facilities of municipal waste treatment and sewage treatment. Besides, 30 billion yuan invests to the afforestation program in the next three years。

Experts believe developing urban rail traffic is one of the solutions to help ease the situation, by getting people out of pollution-emitting cars.

  In order to improve the environment, the municipal government also plans to build a good number of plants which can use recycled water and to stop illegal construction. In addition, Beijing will punish those people who violate the regulations of emission-reduction more severely。

According to research by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, vehicle exhaust fumes contribute 22.2 percent of PM 2.5 particles in Beijing, exceeding the figure for industrial emissions.

PM 2.5 are airborne particles measuring less than 2.5 microns in diameter, which can pose health risks.

Lei Xiaoyan, a professor with East China Jiaotong University, said cities which are equivalent to mid-sized cities abroad should develop rail traffic.

In Nanchang, capital of east China's Jiangxi Province, five subway lines are being constructed, with a total length of 168 km, according to Hu Mengda, deputy chief engineer with the city's rail construction company.

Provincial capitals with large populations, such as Nanchang, serve as cores in less developed central and western regions, and rail traffic is necessary there, but smaller cities have to consider whether their population will be large enough to support the operation of the subway lines in the future, said Hu. "For them, a subway is a luxury."

网址链接:www.china.org.cn/environment/2013-11/02/content_30478600.htm

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