当前位置: 威澳门尼斯人 > 留学信息 > 正文

四级写作高分秘诀威澳门尼斯人官网:,作文万

时间:2019-09-25 22:13来源:留学信息
托福写作是托福考试中的一部分,托福写作对大家的要求是比较高的,想要取得托福写作高分,大家还需要掌握一些论证方法。一起看看小编给大家整理的内容吧。 1. 开头万能公式一:

  托福写作是托福考试中的一部分,托福写作对大家的要求是比较高的,想要取得托福写作高分,大家还需要掌握一些论证方法。一起看看小编给大家整理的内容吧。

  1. 开头万能公式一:名人名言

1.To indicate a contrast:

  近几年的四级作文题基本上都是要求考生就某种现实现象或观点发表自己的看法,内容多是考生所熟悉的社会热点话题或大学生生活题材。写好四级作文有两个关键点:第一,根据英文的表达习惯来安排写作结构;第二,用自己熟悉的英文词汇、句式和句型正确地写出自己的观点和看法。因此,老师将按照起承转合的结构安排,为大家详细介绍一下写作中常用的重点关联词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为大家四级写作提供有用的素材。

威澳门尼斯人官网 1图片源于网络

  有人问了,“我没有记住名言,怎么办?尤其是英语名言?”,很好办:编!

however on the other hand in contrast
alternatively on the contrary conversely
in comparison rather in fact
another possibility better/worse still but
despite this notwithstanding in spite of
nevertheless for all that yet
all the same instead although

  (一)起

  方法一:举实例

  原理:我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的,包括我们欣赏的文章也是8,所以尽管编,但是一定要听起来很有道理呦!而且没准将来我们就是名人呢!对吧?

2 .To provide an illustration:

  观点(现象性):

  举实例是在文章主体部分最常用也是最实用的方法!而且这也是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式,任何情况下,只要我们无法继续文章,不管三七二十一,尽管举例子!

  经典句型:

for example as follows that is
that is to say for instance say
in other words namely such as
chiefly mainly most importantly
typical of this/such notably one such
including especially not least
a typical/particular/ key example in particular

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some argue that…, while others believe that…

  或者上面我们举过的例子:

  A proberb says, “ You are only young once。” (适用于已记住的名言)

3.To extend a point:

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

  I cannot bear it。

  It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于自编名言)

similarly equally indeed in addition
in the same way in addition likewise
too besides also
above all as well furthermore

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

  可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it。

  更多经典句型:

4.To show cause and effect/conclusion:

  4. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

  因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it。 That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it。

  As everyone knows, No one can deny that…

so therefore accordingly
thus hence then
it follows that for this reason this implies
in this/that case consequently because of this/that
this suggests that in conclusion in short
to conclude In brief in all
it might be concluded from this
accepting/assuming this
resulting from/ in consequence of this
as a result/ consequence
owing to/due to the fact that
accepting/assuming this

  描述性:

  方法二:擅用“换言之”

  2. 开头万能公式二:数字统计

  1. To show the next step:

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with nowadays is …

  没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文章在多一些字,或者文邹邹地说,是让读者更充分的理解你的观点。

  原理:要想更有说服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。

first(ly) second(ly) to begin/start with
lastly last but not least ultimately
first and foremost finally another
then after next
afterwards third(ly)
first and most importantly in the first/second place

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

  实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字 I love you!

  原则上在议论文当中十不应该出现虚假数字的,可是在考试的时候哪管那三七二十一,但编无妨,只要我有东西写就万事大吉了。所以不妨试用下面的句型:

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

  I am enthusiastic about you。 That is to say, I love you。

  According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation。

  (二)承

  I am wild about you。 In other words, I have fallen in love with you。

  看起来这个数字文邹邹的,其实都是编造出来的,下面随便几个题目我们都可以这样编造:

  1. 关联词语或重点词汇:

  更多短语:

  Honesty

  递进:

  in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply

  根据最近的一项统计调查显示,大学生向老师请假的理由当中78%都是假的。

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover, furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not least

  方法三:作比较

  Travel by Bike

  举例:

  方法:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的;

  根据最近的一项统计调查显示,85%的人在近距离旅行的时候首选的交通工具是自行车。

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate, for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good case in point

  世界上没有同样的指纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,你才会发现二者的相同点(through comparison)和不同点(through contrast)。下面是一些短语:

  Youth

  因果:

  相似的比较:

  根据最近的一项统计调查显示,在某个大学,学生的课余时间的70%都是在休闲娱乐。

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to, based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a consequence

  in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner

  Five-day Work Week Better than Six-day Work?

  分类:

  相反的比较:

  根据最近的一项统计调查显示,98%的人同意每周五天工作日。

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups, consist of

  on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, …

  更多句型:

  2. 句型及常用表达结构:

  运用上面三种常用的丰富文章主体的方法,同学们在今后的考试中一定能将苍白空洞的文章变得生动丰富,并且可以吸引到阅卷考官的注意。

  A recent statistics shows that …

  举例:

  众所周知,托福写作对大家的要求是比较高的,想要取得托福写作高分,大家还需要掌握一些论证方法。

  结尾万能公式:

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

  方法一:举实例

  1. 结尾万能公式一:如此结论

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

威澳门尼斯人官网 ,  举实例是在文章主体部分最常用也是最实用的方法!而且这也是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式,任何情况下,只要我们无法继续文章,不管三七二十一,尽管举例子!

  说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终于冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待领导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!比如下面的例子:

  Just take …as an example。

  或者上面我们举过的例子:

  Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others。

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

  I cannot bear it。

  如果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就当读者的眼光太浅罢了!

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be sufficient。

  可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it。

  更多过渡短语:

  因果:

  因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it。 That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it。

  to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus

  There are several reasons for…

  方法二:擅用“换言之”

  更多句型:

  The reason why …can be traced to…

  没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文章在多一些字,或者文邹邹地说,是让读者更充分的理解你的观点。

  Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that…

  The causes for …are as follows…

  实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字 I love you!

  2. 结尾万能公式二:如此建议

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following conclusion…

  I am enthusiastic about you。 That is to say, I love you。

  如果说“如此结论”是结尾最没用的废话,那么“如此建议”应该是最有价值的废话了,因为这里虽然也是废话,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。拽!

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …, thirdly,…

  I am wild about you。 In other words, I have fallen in love with you。

  Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem。

  …also contribute to the reason why…

  更多短语:

  这里的虚拟语气用得很经典,因为考官本来经常考这个句型,而如果我们自己写出来,你说考官会怎么想呢?

  分类:

  in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply

  更多句型:

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

  方法三:作比较

  Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken。

  …may be divided into…

  方法:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的;

  Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken。

  (三)转

  世界上没有同样的指纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,你才会发现二者的相同点(through comparison)和不同点(through contrast)。下面是一些短语:

  写作的“七项基本原则”:

  转折:

  相似的比较:

  一、长短句原则

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless, unfortunately

  in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner

  工作还得一张一驰呢,老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题:

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

  相反的比较:

  As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar。

  对比:

  on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, …

  如此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉?牢记!

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly, similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

  运用上面三种常用的丰富文章主体的方法,同学们在今后的考试中一定能将苍白空洞的文章变得生动丰富,并且可以吸引到阅卷考官的注意。

  强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。

  There are some similarities/differences between…

  本文转自JT_Education的博客,点击阅读全文

  二、主题句原则

  We can compare …with …

  新浪声明:此消息系转载自新浪博客,新浪网登载此文出于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其描述,文章内容仅供参考。

  国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否则会给人造成“群龙无首”之感!相信各位读过一些破烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文章之内,结果造成我们稀里糊涂!不知所云!所以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平安无事!

  …has something in common with…

  实习编辑:王雨欣 责任编辑:赵润琰

  特别提示:隐藏主体句可是要冒险的!

  By contrasting …and…

  To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly。

  …has little common with…

  三、一二三原则

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true that…

  领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点… 如此罗嗦。可毕竟还是条理清楚。考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的“标签”来判定你的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。破解方法很简单,只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清楚了。

  (四)合

  1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗)

  1. 关联词汇或重点词汇:

  2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:俗)

  thus, hence, therefore, accordingly, consequently; as a result/consequence, in conclusion, in general, generally speaking, by and large, on the whole, in a word, to sum up, in short/brief, briefly speaking

  3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,原因:俗)

  2. 句型及常用表达结构:

  4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)

  From discussions above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…

  5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)

  Only through these measures can we hope to solve the problem。

  6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)

  Hence, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures to stop/prevent…

  7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)

  I believe we can overcome the difficult through great efforts and we will have a brighter future of…

  8)most important of all, moreover, finally

  以上这些词汇、短语和句型对于考生来说都是相当有用的写作素材,希望考生在考前好好复习一下,以便在考试中能够运用自如。

  9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)

  10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)

  建议:不仅仅在写作中注意,平时说话的时候也应该条理清楚!

  四、 短语优先原则

  写作时,尤其是在考试时,如果使用短语,有两个好处:其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点,如果老师们看到你的文章太简单,看不到一个自己不认识的短语,必然会看你低一等。相反,如果发现亮点—精彩的短语,那么你的文章定会得高分了。其二、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,怎么办?用短语是一个办法!比如:

  I cannot bear it。

  可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it。

  I want it。

  可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it。

  这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。

  五、 多实少虚原则

  原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比如:

  走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room

  但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room

  小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room

  小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room

  老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room

  所以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异彩!

  六、 多变句式原则

  1)加法(串联)

  都希望写下很长的句子,像个老外似的,可就是怕写错,怎么办,最保险的写长句的方法就是这些,可以在任何句子之间加and, 但最好是前后的句子又先后关系或者并列关系。比如说:

  I enjor music and he is fond of playing guitar。

  如果是二者并列的,我们可以用一个超级句式:

  Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm。

  其它的短语可以用:

  besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover

  2)转折(拐弯抹角)

  批评某人缺点的时候,我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说说他的优点,然后转入正题,再说缺点,这种方式虽然阴险了点,可毕竟还比较容易让人接受。所以呢,我们说话的时候,只要在要点之前先来点废话,注意二者之间用个专这次就够了。

  The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition。

  The coat was thin, but it was warm。

  更多的短语:

  despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding

  3)因果(so, so, so)

  昨天在街上我看到了一个女孩,然后我主动搭讪,然后我们去咖啡厅,然后我们认识了,然后我们成为了朋友…可见,讲故事的时候我们总要追求先后顺序,先什么,后什么,所以然后这个词就变得很常见了。其实这个词表示的是先后或因果关系!

  The snow began to fall, so we went home。

  更多短语:

  then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that

  4)失衡句(头重脚轻,或者头轻脚重)

  有些人脑袋大,身体小,或者有些人脑袋小,身体大,虽然我们不希望长成这个样子,可如果真的是这样了,也就必然会吸引别人的注意力。文章中如果出现这样的句子,就更会让考官看到你的句子与众不同。其实就是主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句的变形。

  举例:This is what I can do。

  Whether he can go with us or not is not sure。

  同样主语、宾语、表语可以改成如下的复杂成分:

  When to go, Why he goes away…

  5)附加(多此一举)

  如果有了老婆,总会遇到这样的情况,当你再讲某个人的时候,她会插一句说,我昨天见过他;或者说,就是某某某,如果把老婆的话插入到我们的话里面,那就是定语从句和同位语从句或者是插入语。

  The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine。

  I don’t enjoy that book you are reading。

  Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going。

  其实很简单,同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成;定语从句—借用之前的关键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中,但是whom or that 关键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。

  6)排比(排山倒海句)

  文学作品中最吸引人的地方莫过于此,如果非要让你的文章更加精彩的话,那么我希望你引用一个个的排比句,一个个得对偶句,一个个的不定式,一个个地词,一个个的短语,如此表达将会使文章有排山倒海之势!

  Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you。

  Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides。

  We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life. (气势恢宏)

  要想写出如此气势恢宏的句子非用排比不可!

  七、 挑战极限原则

  既然十挑战极限,必然是比较难的,但是并非不可攀!

  原理:在学生的文章中,很少发现诸如独立主格的句子,其实也很简单,只要花上5分钟的时间看看就可以领会,它就是分词的一种特殊形式,分词要求主语一致,而独立主格则不然。比如:

  The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills。

  Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China。

  如果您可一些出这样的句子,不得高分才怪!

  文章主体段落三大杀手锏:

  一、举实例

  思维短路,举实例!提出一个观点,举实例!提出一个方案,举实例!而且者也是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式,任何情况下,只要我们无法继续文章,不管三七二十一,尽管举例子!

  In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible stimulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colours, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they fime him or her。

  更多句型:

  To take … as an example, One example is…, Another example is…, for example

  二、做比较

  方法:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的;

  世界上没有同样的指纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,你才会发现二者的相同点(through comparison)和不同点(through contrast)。下面是一些短语:

  相似的比较:

  in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner

  相反的比较:

  on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, …

  三、换言之

  没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文章在多一些字,或者文邹邹地说,是让读者更充分的理解你的观点。

  实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字 I love you!

  I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you。

  I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you。

  或者上面我们举过的例子:

  I cannot bear it。

  可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it。

  因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it。

  更多短语:in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply

编辑:留学信息 本文来源:四级写作高分秘诀威澳门尼斯人官网:,作文万

关键词:

  • 上一篇:没有了
  • 下一篇:没有了