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2018年6月英语六级真题及答案集锦,2018年6月英语

时间:2019-11-05 18:36来源:留学信息
翻译1 翻译第三篇原文: 2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译真题及答案: 2018年上半

  翻译1

  翻译第三篇原文:

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译真题及答案:

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级翻译答案及解析:

  中国目前拥有世界上最大最快的高速铁路网。高铁列车的运行速度还将继续提升,更多的城市将修建高铁站。高铁大大缩短了人们出行的世界。相对飞机而言,高铁列车的突出优势在于准时,因为基本不受天气或交通管制的英雄。高铁极大地改变了中国人的生活方式。如今,它已经成了很多人商务旅行的首选交通工具。越来越多的人也在假日乘高铁外出旅游。还有不少年轻人选择在一个城市工作而在邻近城市居住,每天乘高铁上下班。

  ①过去,拥有一辆私家车对大部分中国人而言是件奢侈的事情。

  过去,拥有一辆私家车对大部分中国人而言是件奢侈的事。如今,私家车在中国随处可见。汽车成了人们生活中不可或缺的一部分,他们不仅开车上下班,还经常驾车出游。有些城市的汽车增长速度过快,以至于交通拥堵和停车位不足的问题日益严峻,这些城市的市政府不得不出台新规,限制上路汽车的数量。由于空气污染日益严重,现在越来越多的人选择购买新能源汽车,中国政府也采取了一些措施,支持新能源汽车的发展。(190)

  [真题]

  Nowadays

  ②如今,私家车在中国随处可见。

  Private cars used to be a luxury for most Chinese people, while today they can be seen everywhere in China as an indispensable part of life。 Not only do people drive to and from work, but they often travel by car。 In some cities, the growth of cars is so fast that the problems of traffic jams and lack of parking space become more severe。 The municipal governments of these cities therefore have to introduce new rules to limit the number of cars on the road。 Also, the increasingly serious air pollution has driven more consumers to choose new energy vehicles, so the Chinese government has taken some measures to support the development of new energy vehicles。 (117)

  公交车曾是中国人出行的主要交通工具。近年来,由于私家车数量不断增多,城市交通问题越来越严重。许多城市为了鼓励更多人乘公交车出行,一直在努力改善公交车的服务质量。车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。

  翻译2

  ③汽车成了人们生活中不可或缺的一部分,他们不仅开车上下班,还经常驾车出游。

  中国目前拥有世界上最大最快的高速铁路网。高铁列车的运行速度还将继续提升,更多的城市将修建高铁站。高铁大大缩短了人们出行的时间。相对飞机而言,高铁列车的突出优势在于准时,因为基本不受天气或交通管制的影响。高铁极大地改变了中国人的生活方式。如今,它已经成为很多人商务旅行的首选交通工具。越来越多的人也在假日乘高铁外出旅游。还有不少年轻人选择在一个城市工作而在邻近城市居住,每天乘高铁上下班。(193)

  [译文]

  过去,拥有一辆私家车对大部分中国人而言是件奢侈的事。如今,私家车在中国随处可见。汽车成了人们生活中不可或缺的一部分,他们不仅开车上下班,还经常驾车出游。有些城市的汽车增长速度过快,以至于交通拥堵和停车位不足的问题日益严峻,这些城市的市政府不得不出台新规,限制上路汽车的数量。由于空气污染日益严重,现在越来越多的人选择购买新能源汽车,中国政府也采取了一些措施,支持新能源汽车的发展。

  ④有些城市的增长速度过快,以至于交通拥堵和停车位不足的问题日益严峻,这些城市的市政府不得不出台新规,限制上路汽车的数量。

  China currently has the world’s largest and fastest high-speed railway network。 The speed of high-speed trains will continue to increase, and more cities will build high-speed railway stations。 High-speed rail greatly reduces travel time。 Compared with aircraft, high-speed trains boast the outstanding advantage of punctuality, because they are hardly affected by weather or traffic control。 The high-speed train has greatly changed Chinese people’s way of life。 Today, it has become the preferred means of transport for many people on business trips。 Also, a growing number of people travel by high-speed trains during holidays。 Many young people even choose to work in a city and live in a nearby city, commuting by them。 (112)

  The public bus was a major means of transportation for Chinese people。 In recent years, the urban transportation problems have become more serious due to the increasing number of the private cars。 In order to encourage more people to travel by bus, many cities have made efforts to improve the service quality of the bus。 The vehicle facilities have been constantly updated and the vehicle speed has been greatly improved。 However, the ticket price of the bus is still rather cheap。 Nowadays, many local elderly citizens can take bus for free in most cities。

  In the past, having a private car was a luxury for most Chinese people。 Today, private cars are everywhere in China。 Cars have become an indispensable part of people’ lives。 Not only do they drive to work, they often travel by car。 In some cities, the growth of cars is so fast that the problem of traffic jams and lack of parking space is becoming more and more serious。 The governments of these cities have to issue new rules to limit the number of cars on the road。 As air pollution has become increasingly serious, more and more people are now choosing to purchase new energy vehicles。 The Chinese government has also taken some measures to support the development of new energy vehicles。

  ⑤由于空气污染日益严重,现在越来越多的人选择购买新能源汽车,中国政府也采取了一些措施,支持新能源汽车的发展。

  自行车曾经是中国城乡最主要的交通工具,中国一度被称为“自行车王国”。如今,随着城市交通拥堵和空气污染日益严重,骑自行车又开始流行起来。近来中国企业家将移动互联网技术与传统自行车结合在一起,发明了一种称为共享单车的商业模式。共享单车的出现使骑车出行更加方便,人们仅需用一部手机就可以随时使用共享单车。为了鼓励人们骑车出行,很多城市修建了自行车道。现在,越来越多的中国人也喜欢通过骑车健身。(193)

  [解析]

  (周园)

  -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Bicycles were once the most important means of transport in China‘s urban and rural areas, which made China “the kingdom of bike。” Nowadays, as urban traffic congestion and air pollution become more serious, cycling has gained popularity again。 Recently, Chinese entrepreneurs, combining mobile Internet technology with traditional bicycles, invented a business model called shared bicycles。 The advent of shared bicycles makes cycling more convenient, for a shared bicycle can be used anytime with one mobile phone alone。 In order to encourage people to travel by bike, many cities have built bicycle lanes。 Now, more Chinese people also like to exercise by cycling。 (102)

威澳门尼斯人官网 ,  (1) 公交车曾是(中国人出行的)主要交通工具。

上一页 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 下一页

  精简结构:

  (来源:新东方在线)

  解析:出现“曾”字表明该句应该用一般过去时态;“交通工具” meastransportation vehicle;“出行”,译文“travel”更为恰当,当然译为“go out”也是对的。

  ①过去,拥有……私家车……是……奢侈的事情。

  参考答案:The public bus was a major means of transportation for Chinese people。

  ②如今,私家车……随处可见。

  (2)[近年来],[由于私家车数量不断增多],城市交通问题越来越严重。

  ③汽车成了……一部分,他们不仅……,还……。

  解析: “近年来” over / in the recent years;“私家车” private car;“问题”译为“issue”和“problem”都可;“严重”serious;“越来越”more and more。

  ④……速度过快,以至于……问题……严峻,……市政府……出台新规,限制……的数量。

  参考答案:In recent years, the urban transportation problems have become more serious due to the increasing number of the private cars。

  ⑤由于……,……人选择……汽车,。。。。。。政府……采取措施,支持……的发展。

  (3)许多城市[为了鼓励更多人乘公交车出行],一直在努力改善(公交车的)服务质量。

  -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

  解析:“一直”表明用现在完成时态;“为了”表目的,用“in order to”;“鼓励” encourage sb。 to do;“努力” 译为“try to do 或者 “make efforts to do”都可;“改善” improve;“服务质量” service quality。

  参考译文:

  参考答案:In order to encourage more people to travel by bus, many cities have made efforts to improve the service quality of the bus。

  ①In the past, having a private car was a luxury for most Chinese people。

  (4)车辆的设施不断更新,车速也有了显著提高。

  ②Today, private cars are everywhere in China。

  解析:两句考察被动句的翻译。“车辆设施”被“更新”;“车速”被“提高”;“车辆设施” vehicle facilities;“车速”vehicle speed; “显著” greatly / significantly;“不断” constantly两句都用现在完成时时态。

  ③Cars have become an integral part of people‘s lives。 They not only drive for commuting, but also often travel by car。

  参考答案:The vehicle facilities have been constantly updated and the vehicle speed has been greatly improved。

  ④The number of cars in some cities has grown so fast that the problem of traffic jams and the lack of parking spaces have become increasingly severe。 The municipal governments of these cities have to introduce new regulations to limit the number of cars on the road。

  (5)然而,公交车的票价却依然相当低廉。

  ⑤As air pollution has become increasingly serious, more and more people are now choosing to purchase new energy vehicles。 The Chinese government has also taken some measures to support the development of new energy vehicles。

  解析:“票价” the ticket price;“相当” rather / very。

  来源:有道考神

  参考答案:However, the ticket price of the bus is still rather cheap。

上一页 1 2 3

  (6)现在,在大多数城市,许多当地老年市民都可以免费乘坐公交车。

  解析:“乘坐公交车” take bus;“当地市民”the local citizens。

  参考答案:Nowadays, many local elderly citizens can take bus for free in most cities。

  [真题]

  过去,乘飞机出行对大多数中国人来说是难以想象的。如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高,越来越多的中国人包括许多农民和外出务工人员都能乘飞机出行。他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。近年来,节假日期间选择乘飞机外出旅游的人不断增加。

  [译文]

  In the past, it was unimaginable for most Chinese people to travel by air。 Nowadays, with the economic development and the improvement of living standard, an increasing number of Chinese including many farmers and migrant workers can take plane to travel。 They can fly to all big cities。 Besides, many cities are preparing to build airports。 The air service is constantly improved and the special air-tickets are often offered。 In recent years, the number of people choosing to travel by air has constantly increased during holidays。

  [解析]

  (1)过去,乘飞机出行[对大多数中国人来说]是难以想象的。

  解析:本句考查动名词做主语,可以用动名词作主语,也可以用“it”做形式主语;难点在“难以想象”的翻译上,可以译为“unimaginable,也可以翻译为“can not be imaged”。

  参考答案:In the past, it was unimaginable for most Chinese people to travel by air。

  (2)[如今随着经济的发展和生活水平的提高],越来越多的中国人(包括许多农民和外出务工人员)都能乘飞机出行。

  解析:“随着”译为“with”介词短语;“农民” farmers;“外出务工人员”migrant workers。

  参考答案:Nowadays, with the economic development and the improvement of living standard, an increasing number of Chinese including many farmers and migrant workers can take plane to travel。

  (3)他们可以乘飞机到达所有大城市,还有许多城市也在筹建机场。

  解析:后一句“也在”表明应翻译为正在进行时态,“筹建”一词的翻译是难点, “筹建”即“准备建造”,可以译为“be prepare to build ”;“机场” airport。

  参考答案:They can arrive in all the big cities by plane。 Besides, many cities are preparing to build airports。

  (4)航空服务不断改进,而且经常会有特价机票。

  解析:两句考察被动句的翻译。“航空服务”被“改进”;“航空服务” air service;后一句的“有”译为“there be”句型或者也可以理解为“特价机票经常被提供”;“特价机票” special air-ticket。

  参考答案:The air service is constantly improved and the special air-tickets are often offered。

  (5)近年来,[节假日期间](选择乘飞机外出旅游的)人不断增加。

  解析:“近年来” in recent years,表明句子应该用现在完成时态;“节假日期间” during holidays;本句考察定语的翻译,“人”与“选择”是主动关系,选择用现在分词形式放在“人”的后面做修饰。

  参考答案:In recent years, the number of people choosing to travel by air has constantly increased during holidays。

  来源:新东方

  作者:广州新东方杨梦迪老师

编辑:留学信息 本文来源:2018年6月英语六级真题及答案集锦,2018年6月英语

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